May et al. investigate the barriers for establishing the sharing economy in the city of Umeå, Sweden, and provide pathways and suggestions on overcoming them.
May et al. investigate the barriers for establishing the sharing economy in the city of Umeå, Sweden, and provide pathways and suggestions on overcoming them. Read moreMarket Understanding
Matching the crowd – Combining crowdfunding and institutional funding to get great ideas off the ground
This study examines the impact of matched crowdfunding as a new means of getting ideas and projects off the ground, through analysis of a pilot for arts and heritage projects. Read moreCrowdfunding
Inside the Sharing Economy: Understanding consumer motivations behind the adoption of mobile applications
Zhu et al. explore how different factors - such as self-efficacy, emotional value, and risk - effect consumers’ perceptions of ridesharing apps. Read moreRides (shared and solo)
- Market Understanding
- Trust and Safety
Matching the crowd – Combining crowdfunding and institutional funding to get great ideas off the ground
This study examines the impact of matched crowdfunding as a new means of getting ideas and projects off the ground, through analysis of a pilot for arts and heritage projects.
Inside the Sharing Economy: Understanding consumer motivations behind the adoption of mobile applications
Zhu et al. explore how different factors – such as self-efficacy, emotional value, and risk – effect consumers’ perceptions of ridesharing apps.
Teubner explores the underlying social network structure of Airbnb and how it could be leveraged to manage reputation on the platform.
How much would you pay for an extra star? An update from Teubner et al. on the economic value of reputation mechanisms on Airbnb.
By demonstrating crowdfunding’s importance for sustainable development policies, this study by Brimont also suggests avenues for increasing its potential.
Dushnitsky et al. use econometric analyses to reveal patterns and variations in the creation of crowdfunding platforms across 15 countries in Europe.
Beier and Wagner study user behaviour on a popular crowdfunding platform and advise project initiators on tactics to increase their funding chances.
Light and Briggs look at how crowdfunding platforms are being leveraged to redesign society by promoting environmental and social sustainability.
The rise of the “just-in-time workforce”: On-demand work, crowd work and labour protection in the “gig-economy”
This paper by Valerio De Stefano analyses opportunities and risks of the gig-economy from the perspective of labour protection.
Frenken articulates three alternative governance regimes of the sharing economy, and the environmental and social effects that can be expected under each.
UK’s landmark review of work practices, with recommendations targeting sharing economy platforms and the promotion of ‘decent work.’
Hunt and Machingura investigate the impacts of on-demand domestic work on women, which make up 80% of domestic workers globally, in a developing-country context.
This study by Como et al. explores how the collaborative economy could transform existing cooperative businesses in Europe and beyond.
A triadic framework for collaborative consumption (CC): Motives, activities and resources & capabilities of actors
Benoit et al. clarify the roles of the three main actors in CC – the platform provider, peer provider and customer – and delineate CC from other similar concepts.
As Europe’s collaborative economy grows in size and influence, how can we ensure it has a positive impact for participants and society more generally?
Sharing for people, planet or profit? Analysing motivations for intended sharing economy participation
Böcker and Meelen investigate participation in the sharing economy and show that motivations differ based on sector, while differences between socio-demographic groups are less evident.
How do consumer interests play out on P2P platforms and how can policy makers promote responsible development of these markets? New findings from the European Commission.
Is there such a thing as one ‘sharing economy’? Light and Miskelly contrast local initiatives with global enterprises to pinpoint tensions and reveal multiple ‘sharing cultures’ instead.
An Extended Privacy Calculus Model for SNSs: Analyzing Self-Disclosure and Self-Withdrawal in a Representative U.S. Sample
How do you decide what to share on social networking sites? Dienlin and Metzger extend the privacy calculus to better understand self-disclosure on popular sites like Facebook.
Festila and Dueholm Müller ask how individuals see themselves and construct their identities when engaging in access-based consumption, in particular Airbnb.
This EU Horizon 2020 Research Project focuses on questions of participation, privacy, and power in the sharing economy. Literature reviews on each topic have been released in the first stage of the project.
This IDDRI brief provides insight into the concept of urban crowdsourcing and its potential to reinstate citizens as key stakeholders in urban development.
Davidson and Infranca explore how the sharing economy is changing the urban environment and how current regulatory responses hold promise for empirically grounded policies.
Greene and McGinty argue that cities should leverage the sharing economy to create new opportunities for the urban poor, and are well positioned to do so.
Does the Sharing Economy Increase Inequality Within the Eighty Percent?: Findings from a Qualitative Study of Platform Providers
Schor’s study on income distribution suggests activity on three for-profit platforms is shifting more income and employment opportunity to better-off households.
Using Airbnb’s occupancy data, this study suggests the platform has contributed to lower vacancies and higher prices in New York City’s rental market.
Edelman and Luca’s seminal study on the unintended consequences of trust-building mechanisms on the world’s most popular accommodation sharing platform.
This study by Voytenko Palgan et al. breaks down sustainability narratives in the accommodation sharing sector, producing a rich analysis of ‘framings’ held by different platforms and users.
The future of the EU collaborative economy – Using scenarios to explore future implications for employment
It’s 2030 – are platform workers better or worse off? The European Commission’s Joint Research Centre constructs four scenarios that explore challenges for platform labour in the future.
Frenken and Schor take an economic-historic perspective to define the sharing economy and synthesise the major debates on its economic, social and environmental impact.
This study by Daniel Guttentag investigates why people choose Airbnb over traditional lodging options and how they use the peer-to-peer accommodation service.
When people use different kinds of images to represent themselves on platforms, how are trust and sharing affected? Teubner et al. test levels of ‘picture humanization’ to find out.
The Emergence of the Sharing Economy: The Response Strategies of Pre-existing Taxi Industry Affected by Uber’s Disruption
Kim and Lee’s research finds that, in New York City, greater competition from Uber has led to an increase in consumer welfare, without a corresponding decrease in taxi revenues.
As transaction costs collapse and networks of people easily orchestrate themselves, Yochai Benkler suggests that pro-social and intrinsic motivations will become a key competitive advantage for successful firms.
This short paper by Huckle et al. looks at how the Internet of Things and blockchain technology can benefit sharing economy applications.
What are platform cooperatives and how can they contribute to a more worker-friendly collaborative economy? Trebor Scholz outlines 10 principles for platform cooperativism.
This french language study by Carbone et al. examines the role of logistics in collaborative consumption and identifies and describes four distinct categories.
The EU is setting a legal agenda for the collaborative economy. A recent series of papers assesses the legal framework for peer-to-peer accommodation in cities across Europe.
Brimont et al. examine how public authorities can work with carsharing firms to reduce the environmental and financial costs of private vehicle travel.
How should cities regulate the sharing economy in the future? Rauch and Schleicher forecast more collaborative days ahead for local governments and sharing firms.
This article by Guido Smorto looks at the multifaceted effects and regulatory implications of peer-to-peer platforms on the urban commons.
Can the collaborative economy solve issues at the heart of the sustainability puzzle? PICO delves into the environmental and social impacts and suggests a new role for public authorities.
How can value and governance be more evenly distributed in the sharing economy? Bruno Carballa Smichowski presents a policy proposal in support of platform cooperativism.
The French Government’s comprehensive assessment of collaborative platforms’ social impact, with recommendations for improving labour conditions and social protections for platform workers.
This study by Hamari et al. tests the assumption that individuals engage in collaborative consumption for the greater good and finds people are more likely to participate for personal gains.
Relying on historical perspectives and current-day examples, Finck and Ranchordás set out a framework for how cities can adopt more flexible approaches in regulating the sharing economy.
Using data supplied by Uber, Cohen et al. estimate that the consumer surplus generated by UberX in the United States in 2015 was $6.8 billion.
Does carsharing reduce GHG emissions? Martin and Shaheen find that despite a rise in individual emissions, cumulatively, carsharing members reduce kilometers travelled by 27%.
This McKinsey Global Institute report surveys 8000 independent workers, and finds that 20-30% of Americans and Europeans engage in some form of independent work.
Teubner et al. monetize Airbnb’s star ratings and overall reputation system to determine the economic value of trust in a P2P marketplace.
Schaefers et al. find that misbehaviour is contagious in access-based services, but also put forward evidence-based strategies to curb bad conduct.
Labrecque et al. chart the evolution of consumer power since the early days of the internet and set an agenda for future research on consumer empowerment in the digital age.
The Future of Work in the ‘Sharing Economy’: Market Efficiency and Equitable Opportunities or Unfair Precarisation?
This report by Codagnone et al. undertakes in-depth analysis of 39 platforms and extensive review of secondary evidence to assess social and economic effects of digital labour markets
Using Airbnb as a test case, this study by Edelman et al. contributes to a small but growing body of literature suggesting that racial discrimination persists in online platforms.
Koopman et al. outline the many issues surrounding regulation in the Sharing Economy and argue that ‘deregulating down’ instead of ‘regulating up’ would produce best results.
In this study, Pargman et al. posit that a truly sustainable Sharing Economy cannot be achieved without considering the absolute limits of our planet’s shrinking resources.
Following a sample of 260,000 sharing economy earners over three years, this JPMorgan Chase Institute study uses big data to explore the impact of platforms such as Uber and Airbnb on income.
Understanding the Sharing Economy — Drivers and Impediments for Participation in Peer-to-Peer Rental
User motivations for participating, or not, in the sharing economy remain murky. Hawlitschek et al. develop a questionnaire on personal motives to shed light on this increasingly important topic.
This case study, prepared for the Collaborative Economy course taught by Rachel Botsman at Said Business School, aims to answer what makes Airbnb a revolutionary travel company. What values are embedded into its culture that guide the company in handling tough management and trust debacles and help it stay focused while growing at an exponential rate?
Since 2013 Crowd Companies has been tracking different ways large companies are participating in the collaborative economy. This spreadsheet offers a timeline and also several visualisations describing the activities of large brands.
This paper describes the results of a participatory-design based workshop to investigate the perception and feasibility of finding temporary employment and sharing spare resources using sharing-economy applications.
This report from the National League of Cities seeks to provide an analysis of what is currently happening in American cities so that city leaders may better understand, encourage and regulate the growing sharing economy.
This report from New York University asks the question: will the sharing economy create long-run economic value? The authors study the welfare and distributional effects of peer-to-peer rental markets.
This report released by Piper Jaffray outlines the sharing economy’s
fundamental enablers and secular drivers, introduces sub-sectors of the sharing economy, and examines its impact to existing businesses.
This report is from University of Cambridge and EY captures size, transactional volume and growth of alternative finance markets across Europe.
This study written by Tapio Ikkala and Airi Lampinen explores the hospitality exchange
processes that take place via the online peer-to-peer platform Airbnb.
This study from Boston University aims to analyse why ratings collected for 600,000 properties listed on Airbnb worldwide are significantly higher than ratings collected from approximately half a million hotels worldwide collected on TripAdvisor.
This paper produced by the Institute of Public Affairs recommends new approaches to regulatory design that would encourage the growth of the sharing economy.
A key barrier that the independent UK government review written by Debbie Wosskow raised was difficulties in getting appropriate insurance products in the sharing economy. This paper is the British Insurance Brokers’ Association’s (BIBA) guide to insurance for sharing economy businesses, which was released in response to the UK government independent review.
The Unlocking the Sharing Economy review led by Debbie Wosskow, chief executive of Love Home Swap, was commissioned by the UK Government’s Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.
Research from Crowd Companies analyses market funding in the collaborative economy.
Nesta in collaboration with University of Cambridge, aims to show the landscape of new financing models that have emerged outside of the traditional financial system, focusing on online platforms or websites.
Leo Burnett polled 4,000 adults aged 18-69 to determine how Americans perceive, and participate in, the sharing economy.
This study published on Curve,the institutional repository for Coventry University explores the disruption of the traditional university as a result of the increasingly widespread provision of free online open education.
Vision Critical in partnership with Collaborative Lab and Nine! Rewards, conducted the first-ever research to look at the uptake and enthusiasm for collaborative economy services in the Australian Market.
This paper by Ignasi Capdevila considers a multi-level perspective to analyze the crucial role of individuals and communities outside firms in the dynamics of innovation in cities.
This report from Accenture discusses the opportunities for insurers in the sharing economy space.
This article from the Bank of England gives an overview on the recent innovations in payments technology, focusing on the emergence of internet-based digital currencies such as Bitcoin.
This paper written by Boyd Cohen and Jan Kietzmann, discusses the existing shared mobility business models in order to uncover the optimal relationship between service providers and local governments to achieve the common objective of sustainable mobility.
This paper from the Tilburg Law School examines the challenges of regulating innovation from the lens of sharing economy.
Nesta in collaboration with Collaborative Lab surveyed a nationally representative sample of 2,000 UK adults about their participation in collaborative activities across a selection of sectors.
This PwC report estimates the financial growth of the sharing economy.
This report released by the Centre for Economics and Business Research reveals the rate of growth of popup retailers in the UK. It analyses this industry’s contributions to the UK economy and the barriers it faces.
This study from Roland Berger Strategy Consultants discusses the dramatic growth in shared mobility in cities.
This paper written by Lynne Rose Maylath discusses the local and state laws, and funding mechanisms cities have created or used to create community gardens.
The report explores the potential benefits and challenges of using crowdfunding as a means of executing community-oriented projects. It also offers proposals for how public and non-profit institutions can engage with crowdfunding to realize civic outcomes.
This paper released by Foundation Capital argues that peer-to-peer lending marketplaces can disrupt and displace their traditional competitors, fundamentally changing banking as we know it.
This report from Nesta examines the need to increase the supply and improve efficiency of informal care for older people, with a focus on the role that entrepreneurs and technology can play.
Peer-to-Peer Carsharing: Exploring Public Perception and Market Characteristics in the San Francisco Bay Area, California
The Transportation Research Board surveyed 300 people from 14 locations in San Francisco and Oakland to determine their attitudes toward and perceptions of carsharing, peer-to-peer carsharing, and the sharing economy.
This study from Boston University examines the impact of Airbnb’s entry into the Texas hotel industry focusing on hotel room revenue and market response of hotels.
This paper from Princeton University provides the first comprehensive analysis of Uber’s driver-partners, based on both survey data and anonymized, aggregated administrative data.
An Overview of the New Peer-to-Peer ‘Sharing Economy’ and The Impact on Established Internet Companies
This report from PiperJaffray aims to describe the different drivers of the sharing economy, give an overview of popular sharing companies, and explain the impacts of the sharing economy on businesses.
This paper by Russel Belk compares compares sharing and collaborative consumption definitions from different authors and gives examples.
This study from Euromonitor outlines the drivers behind the growth in the travel sharing economy.
This guide produced by Shareable and Sustainable Economies Law Center curates scores of innovative, high impact policies that US city governments have put in place to help citizens share resources, co-produce, and create their own jobs.
Why do people take part in collaborative consumption? This study by Pieter van de Glind provides evidence on the motives influencing participation in Amsterdam’s collaborative economy.
This case published by Stanford Business School describes the business model used by Quirky and the unique challenges it faced.
This paper published by the London School of Economics explores the connection between collaborative consumption and technology.
This paper by Ignasi Capdevila aims to study the localized spaces of collaborative innovation (LSCI) phenomenon globally, by proposing a typology that classifies 120 spaces.
Through informative graphics, this report authored by Jeremiah Owyang, Christine Tran and Chris Silva explores the market forces driving the rapid growth in the collaborative economy space.
This case study from Stanford Business School describes the decisions the Airbnb founders had to make in the early days in order to build a long-term business.
This paper published in the Journal of Business and Technical Communication aims to answer why unaffiliated professionals choose to work alongside each other in a co-working space.
When Is Ours Better Than Mine? A Framework For Understanding and Altering Participation in Commercial Sharing Systems
This paper written by Cait Lamberton and Randall Rose published in the Journal of Marketing conceptualizes commercial sharing systems within a typology of shared goods.
The paper written by James Hill and Michael Wellman presents a game-theoretic model of online tangible private goods rental.
This report from Crowdsourcing.org provides analysis of crowdfunding market trends and composition, and explains the functionality and different models of crowdfunding platforms.
This report from the Transit Research Board’s Transit Cooperative Research Program explores current practices in using ride sharing to complement public transit and highlights ways to potentially enhance rides haring and public transit.
This case study from Harvard Business School discusses the period where Airbnb faced complaints of destructive guests and unreliable hosts. The company had to examine what mechanisms would facilitate trust between guests and hosts.
This report from the University of California, Berkeley explores the different ridesharing programs in North America.
This case study from Harvard Business School discusses the period when the three founders of Airbnb joined a YCombinator (YC), a business accelerator located in Mountain View, CA.
This study from the Transportation Research Board discusses the different bikesharing programs across the world. It shows a range of the business models bikesharing programs use as well the providers. It also discusses the social and environmental impacts of using bikesharing programs.
Transportation Sustainability Research Center from the University of California, Berkeley surveyed 6,281 North American carsharing members to determine the impacts of carsharing on household vehicle holdings and aggregate vehicle population.
Sustainable and Innovative Personal Transport Solutions – Strategic Analysis of Carsharing Market in Europe
This study from Frost and Sullivan focuses on the evolution of sustainable personal transportation market, especially the carsharing market in Europe.
This study from the Transportation Sustainability Research Center at the University of California, Berkeley examines North America’s carsharing evolution from initial market entry and experimentation to commercial mainstreaming.
This paper from the University of Berkeley bases its research on 33 carsharing expert
surveys collected internationally to determine the most common motivations for car sharing use worldwide.
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